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Early Voting and Mail Ballot Turnout Trends Point to 2020 Replay

Nationwide early voting and vote-by-mail turnout trends for the 2022 midterm election reflect a pattern similar to that of the pandemic-skewered 2020 election.

As a result, it may take several days after polls close on Nov. 8 for results to be confirmed in several key battleground states, including Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

In-person early voting periods and vote-by-mail have grown increasingly popular over the last two decades. They became mainstream during the 2020 election when more than 101 million Americans cast early in-person votes or vote-by-mail ballots.

The 2022 early vote and vote-by-mail turnout is expected to easily eclipse the record for midterm elections set in 2018, when more than 5 million voters cast early in-person ballots and 30.4 million voted by mail. The totals this year may come close to matching the number of ballots cast before Election Day in 2020.

According to the University of Florida’s United States Elections Project, as of Oct. 23, more than 7.46 million Americans have already cast their midterm ballots.


Of those 7.46 million ballots, nearly 1.65 million were cast in-person in the 27 states where early voting is under way. Early voting periods range from four to 45 days before Election Day.

By week’s end, another 18 states will open polls for in-person early voting, beginning with seven states on Oct. 24—including Florida, Texas, Colorado—and ending with New York and New Jersey on Oct. 29.

More than 5.8 million mail ballots of 41.52 million requested nationwide have been returned to local election offices as of Oct. 23, according to U.S. Elections Project. All 50 states offer voting by mail, or absentee ballot options. Nine states, including California, Colorado, Nevada, and New Jersey, send mail ballots to all registered voters.

Not all states break down early votes and mailed votes by political affiliation when posting turnout figures. In Kansas, North Carolina, and New Mexico, 138,406 Democrats (40.5 percent) and 112,047 (32.8 percent) Republicans voted early in-person.

Georgia, which opened its early voting period on Oct. 17, reported more than 740,600 early ballots cast as of Oct. 23. Early voting ends Nov. 5 in the state.

The Georgia tally includes a record midterm first-day early voting turnout of 131,000, twice as high as the 71,000 first-day early voters in 2018, and nearly matching the 136,739 who showed up on the first day early-voting polls opened in 2020.

“We’re extremely pleased that so many Georgians are able to cast their votes, in record numbers and without any reports of substantial delays,” Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger said in a statement. “This is a testament to the hard work of Georgia’s election workers, the professionals who keep our elections convenient and secure.”

Georgia, which does not provide party affiliations with early voting and vote-by-mail turnout tallies, reported Oct,. 23 that more than 31 percent of requested mail-in ballots had been returned.

Vote-by-Mail Turnout

Of 17 states that provide party affiliations for more than 3.74 million vote-by-mail tallies to the U.S. Elections Project, 51.3 percent came from registered Democrats, and 30 percent were mailed in by registered Republicans.

Florida, where early in-person voting begins Oct. 24 and ends Nov. 5, has registered the largest vote-by-mail turnout thus far with more than 1.16 million of 4.23 million requested mail ballots already filed with local elections offices as of Oct. 23. Registered Democrats cast 42.2 percent of the mail-ballot votes, and Republicans cast 38.2 percent. Nearly 20 percent of the mail ballots were cast by non-affiliated voters.

Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, a Republican, in early October signed an executive order that allows four Southwest Florida counties that remain devastated in Hurricane Ian’s wake more flexibility in expanding in-person voting and voting by mail. Among those emergency measures is allowing three more days of early in-person voting.

During an Oct. 15 press conference, the Republican governor encouraged residents in Southwest Florida to vote by mail.

“What I would say is whatever you like is fine. We’ve got good returns on absentee, and I have confidence in early voting, in person (voting) and, of course, Election Day” voting, DeSantis said.

The only state that comes close to the 1.16 million who’ve returned vote-by-mail ballots in Florida is California, where all 21.87 million registered voters get ballots in the mail. As of Oct. 23, nearly 1.08 million Californians had returned mail ballots, according to the U.S. Elections Project.

Of those returned California VBM ballots, nearly half were mailed in by Democrats while 28 percent came from registered Republican voters.

Mail-in ballot requests and returns have significantly increased over 2018 numbers and are near the numbers recorded in 2020, report elections officials in Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, which are among the nine states that do not allow mail-in ballots to be counted until Election Day.

Mail ballots take longer to count and process because their envelopes must be opened, inspected, and prepared to be counted in ballot tabulators.

This raises the prospects of a repeat of 2020 in these key states when election results were not available for several days, laying the foundation for election fraud claims by the Trump campaign and other Republican officials.

Both Wisconsin and Michigan have already registered nearly twice as many mail ballots cast compared with the 2018 election.

In Pennsylvania, the project reports, nearly 39 percent of mail ballots had been returned as of Oct., 23. More than 73 percent of those are from registered Democrats, according to the Pennsylvania Secretary of State’s office.

“This delay (in reporting mail ballot tallies) does not mean anything nefarious is happening,” Pennsylvania’s acting Secretary of State Leigh Chapman said during an Oct. 18 press conference. “It simply means that the process is working as it’s designed to work in Pennsylvania and that election officials are doing their job to count every vote.”

Chapman, however, won’t guarantee results would be available in the hours after polls close Nov. 8, warning it could take several days to tally mailed ballots.

In Wisconsin, 210,753 of 455,828 requested VBM ballots had been returned as of Oct. 23, the U.S. Elections Project reports.

In Michigan, according to the U.S. Elections Project, as of Oct. 23, more than 642,870 mail ballots of over 1.75 million requested had been returned.

Michigan Secretary of State Jocelyn Benson has assured voters that after the 2020 experience, elections officials should be able to process mailed ballots more efficiently, but offered no guarantees when results would be available.

  • Louis Galmarini says:

    With the technology we have today, there is absolutely NO reason why we can’t have tally’s totaled up by midnight of election day. NO REASON WHATSOEVER. 20 years ago, (and DECADES earlier), they did it w/ a third of the technology we have…and we can’t do it now?! BULL–SHIT! The longer it takes to tally ballots, the more chance there is for cheating. Haven’t we learned ANYTHING from the RIGGED AND STOLEN ELECTION OF 2020? That’s right DOJ/Gestapo, I said IT WAS RIGGED AND STOLEN…AND J6 was a total set-up by the FBI.

    There, DOJ/Gestapo. I said it. Now what are you going to do about it. Just remember: When you come for me – BE PREPARED TO DIE…

  • Grace Bruno says:

    I can’t blame the Democrats, they’ve got a good thing why not keep it going. I blame the people that keep on using mail in ballots and voting early. Its been repeated over and over if you vote on voting day IN PERSON they have a much harder time trying to cheat because they are overwhelmed. But people continue to do it the easy way in which case we’ll never win another election.

  • Jenny (From God to My Fingers) says:

    Lots of Really Good comments. Yes Mail in is Wrong so is early but then they could not cheat. Its all they can do it appears. Sad times Coming if this goes any farther. Here’s an Idea Any Conservative or republican should Vote Just in person or Flood the Mail like they do and then lets see how they take that. Test it and see

  • Bennie Stephens says:

    The Early voting and Mail in votes are against the law this is the easy way for the people that steal elections! IT must be stopped there are already Early votes of this type in the Millios that are against the law and should be trashed! Not allowed to be cast as legal Votes we have one day only in our Elections to vote and one day only! The crooked Voter if they sign the vote should be pick up and put in jail! And only the Votes to be counted are the ones cast at the polls on the one day we set up! And once the polls are closed so should there be no more votes counted to be a legal Election!



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